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Creating a Sustainable Garden in Your Backyard

Creating a Sustainable Garden in Your Backyard

Creating a sustainable garden in your backyard is an easy way to do your part to preserve nature and the planet. It’s an activity you can enjoy with your family and is a great way to reconnect with Mother Earth.

A sustainable garden avoids using pesticides that damage the environment and harm the plants you grow. It also uses organic gardening techniques that improve soil and control pests naturally.

Choose Resilient Varieties

Choosing resilient varieties of plants will help your garden stay healthy, require less work and be more self-sustaining. These varieties are also native to your region and will adapt to your climate, saving you money in the long run and allowing you to grow more food with less water and energy.

How it grows resilience: Plants sequester carbon dioxide, a greenhouse gas, from the air into soil. Long-lived trees and shrubs are the heavy-lifters, but all plants pass carbon into the soil in some way.

Creating a sustainable garden in your backyard isn’t as difficult as you might think. It just takes some simple changes to your gardening habits. Using fewer chemicals, making compost and choosing more climate-friendly crops are just a few things you can do to get started on your journey towards sustainable gardening.

Choose Drought-Resistant Plants

One of the best ways to create a sustainable garden in your backyard is by choosing drought-resistant plants. This will help you save money on water, reduce the amount of water used for irrigation and lessen the amount of water that goes down the drain.

A good way to identify drought-tolerant plants is by watching how they handle long dry spells and heat waves. You can also look for plants that have spiky, needle-like leaves, silver foliage or tiny, waxy leaves.

Succulents and cacti, for example, have moisture-reserving structures built into their structure. They often have deep tap roots that can reach cool, moist soil even in dry conditions.

Plant Companion Plants

Companion plants provide a variety of benefits to your garden. They help to protect your plants from pests, improve the quality of the soil and promote healthy growth.

For example, beans can be planted next to corn and pumpkins to provide a nitrogen-fixing partner for the taller plants. Beans are also able to find shade in between corn rows, which helps them grow and mature while keeping the leaves from shading out other plants.

Other companions include herbs, vegetables and flowers. They deter pests and improve the flavor of other plants.

Use Compost

Composting is a great way to keep garden waste out of landfills and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. This process helps turn kitchen scraps, yard debris, and other reusable materials into a dark, nutrient-rich soil enhancer called compost.

It boosts fertility, improves soil structure, and enriches the water-holding capacity of the soil. It also increases microbial activity, which aids in plant growth.

It can be used as a soil amendment in new garden beds or as a mulch over the top of existing soils. It will work its way down through the top layers of the soil over time, providing nutrients for your plants.

Water Wisely

When creating a sustainable garden in your backyard, watering wisely is an important aspect. Too much water can cause runoff and evaporation and can weaken the soil making it more susceptible to drought.

Group plants that require similar amounts of water together in your garden to maximize efficiency. For example, plant heavy drinking vegetables in one area while edible perennial herbs that need less water can be planted in another.

Watering wisely can be as simple as choosing the right plants, mulching, and avoiding fertilizers or chemicals that are harmful to you and your environment. The result will be a healthier yard and a more sustainable planet.

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