An increasing number of people, mainly children, are suffering from health problems related to pollution of air, water, and ground. These include asthma, respiratory illnesses, and brain tumors. Environmental problems are also linked to the increasing use of fossil fuels, which cause greenhouse gas emissions.
The United Nations has called for improved management of protected areas and reduction of overfishing. In addition, the World Health Organization (WHO) has called for cutting down on air and water pollution.
According to a recent poll, the public considers environmental issues to be extremely serious. 58 percent of Americans agree that it is important to make sure the environment is taken care of. But, the same study shows that only a minority of voters say their government is doing enough to protect the environment.
While most Republicans say that the government is responsible for the environment, the majority of Democrats and moderate and liberal Republicans say that it is the individual’s responsibility. This is a shift from previous generations, when most of the responsibility for the environment was left to the state.
The emergence of these new approaches has been largely facilitated by the fact that the role of the state is declining in many parts of the world. However, there are still major differences between the parties.
Although most Americans believe that the federal government is doing too little to protect the environment, a minority says that it is doing too much. For instance, 74% of Republicans say it is possible to reduce regulations without sacrificing air quality.