If you have ever chewed gum, you may have wondered whether it is made out of plastic. While it may seem that it is, in reality it is not. Fortunately, there are some companies that make it completely free of plastic.
Several manufacturers have actually used their expertise and innovative capabilities to create natural chewing gum. These include Simply Gum, which is manufactured by Iceland. However, these aren’t the only plastic-free options.
One brand is called Swell Gum. Its creator, Alec Longair, got the idea for the gum after a nine-hour bus trip in Guatemala. He wanted to create a product that was safe and tasty for kids.
In recent years, there have been many studies that show that chewing gum can have negative consequences for the environment. Various sea creatures have been autopsied to find plastic products in their bellies.
According to the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA), a gum base is composed of multiple synthetic substances. Some of these are elastomers. Basically, elastomers are long polymer molecules that have elastic properties. They are often used in plastics.
The base is mixed with a variety of flavourings to make the gum enjoyable. Typically, a gum base contains a number of polymers that stretch rather than break. This gives the gum a sticky and elastic texture. Occasionally, a softener is added to the base.
Another ingredient is calcium carbonate. The carbonate reacts with acidic flavours to give the gum its texture.