How to Turn Your Roof into a Solar Panel Array Without HOA Approval

How to Turn Your Roof into a Solar Panel Array Without HOA Approval

Installing solar panels on your roof can reduce your electricity bills and increase the value of your home. However, homeowners associations (HOAs) often prohibit or restrict solar installations to maintain neighborhood aesthetics. This article explains multiple strategies for installing solar panels without HOA approval.

Research Your State’s Solar Rights Laws

Many states have passed solar rights laws that limit the ability of HOAs to restrict solar installations. These laws vary, but may prohibit unreasonable restrictions or require HOAs to grant solar applications under certain conditions.

Key steps:

  • Use an online search to determine if your state has solar access or solar rights laws. Try search terms like “[your state] solar rights”.

  • Read the full text of any relevant laws to understand your solar rights. Pay particular attention to any provisions related to HOAs.

  • Bold Keep printed copies of relevant statutes handy as you proceed with your solar plans.

Make a Strong Case to the HOA Board

Even without favorable solar laws, you may be able to convince your HOA board to approve solar panels through careful planning and negotiation.

Strategies include:

  • Present your solar proposal professionally. Include detailed drawings/renderings showing panel placement, as well as product specs. Emphasize benefits like increased home values and reduced grid demand.

  • Offer aesthetically-pleasing options. Propose streamlined panel shapes, mounting flush with the roof, and positioning toward the rear of the roofline. Offer to plant trees or other screening.

  • Rally community support. Get neighbors to submit letters of support for your solar plans. Attend HOA meetings and make your case respectfully but firmly.

  • Propose a trial period. Ask the HOA to grant approval for 1-2 years, after which they can reevaluate any impacts on the community aesthetics.

  • Threaten legal action. Politely mention that you will pursue legal routes if your proposal is rejected without proper justification.

Seek Alternative HOA Approval Methods

If the HOA board still refuses approval, look into alternative approval methods, such as:

  • HOA architectural committee – Some HOAs have a separate architectural review board who may be more amenable to solar.

  • HOA executive board – Seek approval directly from the executive HOA board, bypassing the normal application process.

  • HOA annual meeting – Raise your solar proposal at the annual HOA meeting and have members vote on it.

  • Legal intervention – Have an attorney draft a letter explaining why the HOA is violating state solar access laws.

Install Solar Panels Secretly

If all else fails, you may decide to install solar panels without proper HOA approval. This entails legal risk, but may be worthwhile to some homeowners.

Possible approaches include:

  • Install panels gradually over time to avoid notice.

  • Mount panels flat on the rear roof slope behind parapets.

  • Disguise panels as skylights or use solar shingles mimicking conventional roof materials.

  • Surround panels with additional decoy roof vents or hatches to hide their purpose.

  • Use landscaping like tall trees or vines to obscure ground-level views of the panels.

Be Prepared to Defend Your Solar Rights

Even after installation, the HOA may order you to remove solar panels installed without approval. To defend your solar energy system:

  • Politely stand your ground. Explain you are exercising your legal solar access rights.

  • Follow due process. Respond promptly to any official HOA notices or hearings.

  • Hire a lawyer. Have an attorney draft responses explaining how you are protected under state solar laws.

  • Be willing to compromise on issues like screening or placement.

  • Offer to pay any penalties if removal is ultimately unavoidable. This demonstrates good faith.


Installing solar panels without HOA approval involves careful planning, negotiation skills, and calculated risk-taking. While not guaranteed to succeed, homeowners have many strategies to pursue their solar goals while minimizing conflicts within an HOA community. Being informed on state solar laws, anticipating HOA objections, and maintaining open and professional dialog with the HOA board can go a long way toward a successful rooftop solar project.