How to Repurpose Single-Use Plastic into Useful Household Items

How to Repurpose Single-Use Plastic into Useful Household Items

How to Repurpose Single-Use Plastic into Useful Household Items


Single-use plastics are a major source of waste and pollution. As consumers, we can make a difference by repurposing these plastics rather than throwing them away. With a little creativity, single-use plastics like water bottles, takeout containers, and shopping bags can be given a second life as useful household items. This guide will provide tips and step-by-step instructions for repurposing common single-use plastics into new products that are functional, unique, and eco-friendly.

Assess Your Single-Use Plastic Items

Before starting a repurposing project, take inventory of the types of single-use plastic items you have on hand. Some common examples include:

  • Plastic bottles – Soda, water, juice, etc.
  • Takeout containers – Plastic clamshells, cups, utensils.
  • Bags – Grocery bags, produce bags, zipper storage bags.
  • Straws & utensils
  • Packaging – Bubble wrap, air pillows, padded envelopes.

Examine each item and consider its size, shape, durability, and flexibility. This will help match plastics to the best reuse projects. Sturdy plastics like bottles work well for DIY household items, while softer plastics like packaging can be handcrafted into accessories.

Choose a Repurposing Project

With cleaned and dried plastic in hand, it’s time to get creative. Here are some ideas for repurposing common single-use plastic items:

Plastic Bottles

  • Storage containers – Cut bottlenecks off and remove labels to create food storage bins.
  • Vases – Clean thoroughly and decorate the exterior with paint, twine, or other embellishments.
  • Watering cans – Poke holes in the cap and add a handle by looping and tying twine.
  • Piggy banks – Cut a slit in the top and seal edges with glue or tape. Decorate with paint and stickers.

Takeout Containers

  • DIY gardening pots – Drill drainage holes in the bottom of plastic food trays and containers. Decorate the outside with paints or markers.
  • Jewelry storage – Glue cleaned lids and containers together to create compartmentalized trays for storing small accessories and trinkets.
  • Craft storage – Use large, sturdy takeout containers to organize art supplies, sewing materials, and other hobby items.

Plastic Bags

  • Woven mats – Cut bags into strips, tie them together, and weave a durable recycled plastic mat.
  • Reusable shopping bags – Sew handles onto plastic shopping bags to create free totes.
  • Pouches & purse organizers – Sew together bags or fused layers of bubble wrap to make handy organizers for your purse, backpack, or luggage.

Plastic Straws & Utensils

  • Drain covers – Seal straws together over sink or floor drains to catch hair and debris.
  • Plant markers – Write names on plastic utensils and stick them in your garden to label plants and vegetables.
  • Crafts – Make decorative flowers, pom poms, and other ornaments from straws and cutlery.

Step-by-Step Instructions for Common Projects

Once you’ve chosen your plastic repurposing project, follow these step-by-step instructions to create useful new household items:

Water Bottle Storage Containers


  • Clean plastic bottles
  • Scissors or craft knife
  • Sandpaper (optional)
  • Decorative tape, paint, stickers (optional)


  1. Remove all labels from plastic bottles by soaking in warm water and scrubbing off adhesive residue.

  2. Use scissors or a craft knife to carefully cut off the neck of the bottle, about 1-2 inches below the cap. Smooth any sharp edges with sandpaper.

  3. Make sure the bottle base is clean and dry. Decorate the outside with decorative tapes, paint, stickers, or other embellishments if desired.

  4. Fill bottle base with small items like office supplies, cosmetics, sewing notions, toys, etc. The wider the base, the more stable it will be.

  5. To make stacked storage, place a smaller bottle inside a larger one.

Woven Plastic Bag Mat


  • Clean plastic shopping bags
  • Ruler
  • Scissors
  • Twine, yarn, or string


  1. Cut bags into strips 2-3 inches wide. For very thin bags, make wider strips.

  2. Tie strips together in bunches of 3-5 strips. Make many bunches of tied strips.

  3. Arrange tied bunches side by side and anchor the ends by tying them to furniture legs or taping to the floor.

  4. Begin weaving – lift alternating bunches and weave the strands over and under each other.

  5. Press rows together tightly as you weave. Add new bunches of strips when you run low.

  6. When mat reaches desired size, knot fringe ends together or use twine to bind the outer edges.

Get Crafty with Single-Use Plastics

Repurposing single-use plastic requires some creativity and effort, but the results are extremely rewarding. Not only are you giving new life to old materials, but you get unique handcrafted items for free! With these project guides, you can turn plastic trash into household treasure. Experiment, explore new ideas, and let your imagination run wild to make the most of single-use plastics.