How to Reduce Your Carbon Footprint By Making Simple Changes Around the House

How to Reduce Your Carbon Footprint By Making Simple Changes Around the House

How to Reduce Your Carbon Footprint By Making Simple Changes Around the House

Evaluate Your Current Habits

The first step to reducing your carbon footprint is to take a look at your current habits and identify areas where you can make better choices. Here are some things to consider:

  • Transportation – How do you primarily get around? Driving a car produces significant emissions. Could you walk, bike, or take public transit more often? Consider carpooling if driving is a necessity.

  • Energy use – Look at your monthly electricity and natural gas bills. Are you running appliances, computers, TVs, etc. more than necessary? Are there changes you can make to reduce energy consumption?

  • Food choices – Meat production requires a lot of resources. Can you reduce your meat consumption and eat more plant-based foods? Buying local and seasonal produce also helps.

  • Waste – How much waste do you generate through packaged foods, plastic bags, paper towels, etc.? Identify opportunities to reduce your waste.

Make Changes Room by Room

There are small tweaks you can make in every room of your house to reduce your carbon footprint. Here are some ideas:


  • Replace old appliances like refrigerators, stoves, and dishwashers with ENERGY STAR® models. This can reduce kitchen appliance energy use by 30%.

  • Use the microwave instead of the oven when possible – it uses less energy.

  • Unplug small appliances like toaster ovens and coffee makers when not in use.

  • Meal plan to reduce food waste. Compost food scraps rather than sending them to the landfill.

Living Areas

  • Switch out standard light bulbs for LED bulbs. They use at least 75% less energy.

  • Turn off lights, TVs, fans, and other electronics when leaving a room. Use power strips to make this easier.

  • Adjust the thermostat a few degrees higher in summer and lower in winter to save energy.

  • Seal air leaks around windows and doors to optimize insulation.


  • Open blinds and curtains during the day to utilize natural sunlight and reduce the need for artificial lighting.

  • Ensure bedrooms are properly insulated. Add weather stripping around windows and doors as needed.

  • Switch to ENERGY STAR® labeled ceiling fans if using fans for cooling.

  • Wash bedding and linens in cold water to reduce hot water use.


  • Take shorter showers to reduce hot water usage.

  • Install low-flow showerheads and faucets. This can reduce water use by 50% or more.

  • When running water to get hot, capture it in a bucket to use for cleaning or watering plants.

  • Use green cleaners or make your own with simple, natural ingredients like vinegar and baking soda.

Make Additional Changes Outside the Home

There are further steps you can take just outside your home to reduce emissions:

  • Maintain your HVAC system through regular filter changes and annual maintenance. This improves efficiency.

  • Set up a compost bin and add food scraps, yard waste, and other compostable items to enrich your garden soil naturally.

  • Switch to more drought-tolerant landscaping to reduce water usage for irrigation.

  • Install solar panels to utilize the sun’s renewable energy and reduce reliance on fossil fuel-generated electricity.

Encourage Others

Once you’ve made changes in your own home, inspire others to take action too. Here are a few ideas:

  • Talk to your family and friends about the steps you’ve taken and motivate them to make changes. Offer advice and support.

  • Join or start a community group promoting sustainability. Work on local initiatives.

  • Share your successes on social media to showcase what’s possible. Lead by example.

  • Contact your elected officials to express support for environmental policies and regulations.

Small changes made by many people add up to a real difference. By taking initiative in your own home, you can help mitigate climate change one step at a time.