How to Make a Windmill From Recycled Materials

How to Make a Windmill From Recycled Materials

Making a windmill from recycled materials is a fun DIY project that can teach you about renewable energy. With just a few household items, you can build your own miniature wind turbine.

Gather Your Materials

Before starting, you’ll need to gather some recycled items to build the windmill with. Here are the main materials I used for my homemade windmill:

  • Cardboard from an old box – This will form the blades and body of the windmill. Choose a sturdy cardboard like a shipping box.
  • Skewers – Wooden or metal skewers can be used for the windmill axle.
  • Paper or plastic cup – The base of a cup can hold the axle steady.
  • Push pin – To attach the blades to the axle.
  • Paper clips – Used to add weight to the blades.
  • Decorations (optional) – I used markers, stickers and tape to decorate my windmill.

Other handy items are scissors, ruler, craft knife, glue and tape. Try rummaging around your recycling bins to see what materials you can find before buying new.

Design the Blade Shapes

The blades are the most important part of your homemade windmill. Their shape will determine how well your windmill can capture energy from the wind. There are a few common designs to try:

  • Square blades – Easy to cut from cardboard. Not the most efficient shape aerodynamically, but still works.
  • Pinwheel shape – Form an X or + shape from two crossed rectangles. Allows good air flow.
  • Curved blades – Harder to make but most efficient. Trace around a plate or bowl to get a curved blade shape.

I recommend starting with simple square or pinwheel blades, then experimenting with other shapes. Cut 2-6 blades out of cardboard depending on the size you want. Make them as large as you can without overlapping too much.

Assemble the Axle

The axle supports the blades and allows them to spin. Insert a skewer through the center of a plastic cup. This cup base will hold the axle steady.

Attach the blades to the top of the axle using push pins. Space them evenly around the skewer. Add paper clips to the outer edge of each blade – these act as weights to help catch the wind.

Set Up the Body

The windmill body houses the axle and supports the whole structure.

Cut a square or triangle shape from cardboard for the body. Make it a couple inches wider all round than your axle.

Push the pointed end of the skewer down through the center of the body. Add tape to hold it firmly in place.

Decorate your windmill body as desired! I used colored tape and drew on details with markers. Get creative.

Find the Optimal Location

To operate your windmill, you need wind! Observe air flows around your house. Good spots are:

  • Near open windows
  • Doorways that catch cross breezes
  • Next to ceiling fans on low setting
  • Air vents

Position your windmill so the blades face into the air current. They should spin easily – if not, adjust the location to catch more wind.

Troubleshoot for Better Performance

If your windmill isn’t spinning consistently, try these tweaks:

  • Add bigger or more blades to capture more wind power
  • Reduce friction on the axle by altering the cup base
  • Rebalance the blades so they spin evenly without wobbling
  • Curve the blades to improve their aerodynamic shape

Don’t get discouraged if your first try doesn’t work perfectly. Experimenting and optimizing the design is all part of the learning process.

Innovate and Adapt Your Design

Once you have a working windmill model, why not take it further? Ways to upgrade your design:

  • Add an electrical generator to produce electricity
  • Use the rotation to power mechanical tools
  • Create modular blades to test different configurations
  • Mount it on a roof to harvest real wind energy!

The possibilities are endless when you understand the core principles behind harnessing wind power.


Building a windmill from recycled materials makes a great hands-on sustainability project. With just simple household objects, you can learn about blade aerodynamics, renewable energy, and engineering design. Follow the steps to construct your own windmill, then use your creativity to improve and adapt the design. Who knows, it could even inspire a new career in wind power innovation!