How to Grow the Rare Midnight Bloom Rose

How to Grow the Rare Midnight Bloom Rose

How to Grow the Rare Midnight Bloom Rose


Growing the rare Midnight Bloom rose is a rewarding endeavor for any gardener looking for a unique addition to their garden. This elusive black rose has captured the imagination of rose enthusiasts for decades, but successfully cultivating it requires patience and care. In this guide, I will share everything I have learned about growing this exotic rose over the years.

Choosing the Right Location

The Midnight Bloom rose thrives in a location that receives full sun yet offers some afternoon shade. Select a spot in your garden that gets at least 6 hours of direct sunlight per day. An east or west-facing location is ideal. This allows the rose to soak up sufficient sunlight in the morning or afternoon without getting scorched during the hottest part of the day.

Make sure the rose bed has excellent drainage. The Midnight Bloom rose is susceptible to fungal diseases if the soil stays too wet. Amend clay soils with compost to improve drainage before planting.

Preparing the Soil

One of the keys to successfully growing the Midnight Bloom rose is preparing the soil properly. Here are a few tips:

  • Test the soil pH – The Midnight Bloom prefers slightly acidic soil with a pH between 6.0-6.5. Test your soil and amend it with sulfur if needed to lower the pH.

  • Add compost – Work in 2-3 inches of well-aged compost or organic matter to enrich the soil. The Midnight Bloom thrives in nutrient-rich, humus-heavy soil.

  • Improve drainage – If you have heavy clay soil, add organic material like compost and peat moss to lighten the texture. You can also mix in perlite or small rocks to improve drainage.

Properly preparing the soil gives the Midnight Bloom rose the best chance to develop a robust root system and thrive. Never plant this rose in poor, compacted soil.

Selecting Healthy Plants

Seeking out a reputable rose nursery is key to finding healthy Midnight Bloom roses. Inspect the canes and roots carefully when selecting plants:

  • Look for straight, flexible green canes free of blemishes and damage. Avoid plants with thin weak canes.

  • Check that the root system is white and healthy, not brown or mushy.

  • Select plants with established basal breaks (new shoots emerging from the bud union). This indicates an active, healthy rose.

  • Container-grown roses should be potted in a soilless potting mix, not field soil. This prevents diseases.

Patience is required, as the Midnight Bloom is notoriously difficult to propagate. Reputable rose growers often have waiting lists due to limited supply. Don’t settle for subpar plants – poor quality will result in disappointment.

Planting and Care

Here are some tips for planting and ongoing care of the Midnight Bloom rose:

  • Plant in spring after the last frost when the soil has warmed up. This gives the rose time to establish before winter.

  • Space plants 5-6 feet apart to allow for ample air circulation. Good airflow discourages fungal diseases.

  • Water deeply right after planting to settle the soil around the roots. Continue deep watering twice per week during the first year.

  • Apply an organic rose fertilizer per label instructions in early spring and again 6 weeks later. I prefer natural fertilizers like alfalfa meal.

  • Mulch well with 2-3 inches of organic material like shredded bark around the base to retain moisture and suppress weeds.

  • Prune lightly the first year – just remove any damaged or crossing canes. Begin shaping and moderate pruning the second year after the plant is established.

Common Pests and Diseases

The Midnight Bloom rose requires diligent monitoring for potential problems:

  • Powdery mildew – This fungal disease manifests as a white powdery coating on leaves. It thrives in humid conditions with poor air circulation. Improve airflow and spray with neem oil or sulfur spray.

  • Black spot – Dark spots with fringed edges appear on leaves. Remove and destroy infected foliage. Apply a fungicide like chlorothalonil.

  • Aphids – These small sucking insects cluster on new growth. Blast them off with a strong stream of water and apply insecticidal soap.

  • Japanese beetles – These shiny metallic beetles skeletonize leaves. Hand pick them off plants and use pheromone traps to capture adults.

Careful inspection of leaves and prompt treatment when pests or diseases appear gives this rose the best chance to remain healthy.

Enjoying the Elegant Blooms

After providing excellent care for a couple seasons, the wait will be rewarded with the Midnight Bloom’s breathtaking blooms:

  • Bloom time is typically late spring to early summer.

  • Flowers open to 4-5 inches across with lush, black petals that subtly reveal deep red undertones.

  • The captivating color is darkest at the petal base, lightening towards the edges.

  • The blooms have a light, tea rose fragrance.

  • Flowers grow in small clusters on the ends of long, cutting stems perfect for bouquets.

The stunning midnight blooms will be the highlight of your garden when you succeed in cultivating this rare rose! Follow these tips and don’t give up if your first attempt fails. The Midnight Bloom rose is worth the effort for any dedicated gardener.