How to Grow the Rare Midnight Bloom Rose

How to Grow the Rare Midnight Bloom Rose

How to Grow the Rare Midnight Bloom Rose


Growing the rare Midnight Bloom rose can be an extremely rewarding experience for any gardener. This elusive black rose has captured the fascination of rose lovers for centuries with its mystical dark beauty and intoxicating fragrance. However, successfully cultivating this fabled flower takes knowledge, patience, and care. In this guide, I will share everything you need to know to grow the Midnight Bloom rose in your own garden.

Selecting a Plant

The first step is acquiring a healthy Midnight Bloom rose plant or cutting. This variety is still quite rare, so locating one may take some searching. Here are some tips:

  • Check with specialty rose nurseries to see if they offer the Midnight Bloom rose. Be prepared to get on a waitlist.

  • Join rose societies and forums and network with other growers. Someone may have a contact for acquiring this rose.

  • Watch for announcements of the Midnight Bloom rose at rare plant sales and auctions. These can sell out quickly when available.

  • Consider ordering a cutting from a reputable online seller. Carefully vet any sources to ensure the rose is correctly identified.

Once you source a plant, inspect it closely for signs of health and vigor. Look for:

  • Strong, flexible canes free of damage or disease
  • Leaves that are dark green and unblemished
  • Roots that are white, firm, and hydrated (for bare root plants)

A healthy Midnight Bloom specimen will be your best chance for success. Pass on any plants that seem weak or stressed.

Providing the Right Growing Conditions

The Midnight Bloom rose thrives in a particular environment. Recreate the following conditions as closely as possible:


The Midnight Bloom needs full sun for at least 6 hours per day. Less light will result in weak growth and reluctance to bloom. In hot climates, provide afternoon shade.


  • Well-drained, organically rich loam is ideal
  • pH between 6.0-7.0
  • Mix in compost and aged manure before planting
  • Good drainage is absolutely essential


  • Requires consistent moisture, about 1-2 inches per week
  • Allow soil to slightly dry between waterings
  • Deep soakings are better than frequent sprinkles
  • Avoid wetting foliage, which can encourage disease


  • Does best where summer temps reach about 75-85°F
  • Can withstand short periods of heat over 100°F
  • Needs a cold dormancy in winter with temps around 35-50°F


  • Shelter from strong winds helps prevent damage
  • Monitor for pests like aphids and diseases like black spot
  • Protect from extreme cold and frost in winter

Choosing the best planting location and taking steps to modify your microclimate can help achieve the Midnight Bloom’s ideal conditions.

Planting and Pruning Techniques

Use proper planting and pruning methods to get your Midnight Bloom rose established and flowering.

How to Plant

  • Dig hole 12-18 inches deep and wide
  • Build tall conical mound of enriched soil in center
  • Spread roots over mound and position plant on top
  • Backfill hole with native soil, tamping down gently
  • Water deeply until no air pockets remain in soil
  • Top dress with 2-4 inches of organic mulch like wood chips

Initial Pruning

  • After planting, prune canes back by about 1/3 their length
  • Removes parts likely damaged in transplanting
  • Encourages bushy basal growth needed for flowering
  • Make cuts at 45° angle just above outward facing bud

Annual Pruning

  • In early spring when buds swell, prune back all stems to 6-12 inches
  • Remove thin, spindly, or damaged stems at the base
  • Cut back to just above a healthy outward facing bud eye
  • Retain an open, vase-shaped framework

Proper planting and pruning will promote the compact, bushy growth form that brings the coveted midnight blooms.

Caring through the Seasons

Adjust your care routines as the Midnight Bloom rose progresses through its annual cycle:


  • Finish pruning by mid spring
  • Apply organic rose fertilizer when new leaves emerge
  • Remove spent blooms promptly to encourage reblooming
  • Water regularly as growth resumes
  • Monitor for pests like aphids


  • Continue deep weekly watering depending on rainfall
  • Apply monthly organic fertilizer to nourish blooms
  • Watch for diseases like black spot and powdery mildew
  • Keep 2-4 inches of mulch around root zone
  • Stake heavy canes if needed for support


  • Reduce watering frequency as growth slows
  • Apply final fertilizer 6-8 weeks before first frost
  • Leave rose hips on plant for added winter interest
  • Mulch heavily just before ground freezes


  • Prune back stems in early spring before new growth emerges
  • Check for rodent, rabbit or deer damage and take preventative measures
  • Remove winter mulch and debris when soil thaws

Staying vigilant through each season will keep your Midnight Bloom rose healthy and help it produce the maximum number of exotic blooms.

Enjoying the Magical Midnight Blooms

If cared for properly, the Midnight Bloom rose will reward you with a flush of gorgeously darker-than-black blooms in late spring or early summer. The lightly fragrant flowers and mystical color are what give this rose its air of mystery and allure. Here are some ways to get the most enjoyment from your rare Midnight Blooms:

  • Place flowering stems in elegant black or dark purple vases to accentuate the rose’s exotic shades
  • Take photographs of the roses to capture their fleeting dark beauty
  • Cut blooms just before fully open for the longest vase life
  • Bring roses indoors to perfume living spaces with their clove-like scent
  • Plant in a location to showcase the roses against light-colored structures, garden walls, or pergolas for maximum contrast
  • Share a bloom or two with rose-loving friends so they can also experience this legendary flower

Growing the midnight bloom rose is a labor of love requiring dedication over years, but the unrivaled beauty of its blooms make it all worthwhile. Follow this guide and tend carefully to your rose. With time and patience, you can successfully cultivate the bewitchingly dark Midnight Bloom in your own garden.