Having an unusual tropical plant in your backyard can be a fun way to liven up your outdoor space. However, caring for a rare tropical species comes with its own set of challenges. To help your exotic plant thrive, there are some key things you should know.
Selecting the Right Plant
When choosing an obscure tropical plant, the first thing I consider is whether it can actually grow in my climate. Many rare tropicals require very specific conditions to survive. Before purchasing a plant, research factors like:
Hardiness zone – Make sure your plant is suited for your area’s minimum temperatures. Many cannot withstand any frost.
Sunlight needs – Most tropicals need several hours of direct sunlight daily. Make sure to situate them in the sunniest spot.
Soil conditions – Some tropical plants need sandy, fast-draining soil. Others prefer moisture-retentive soil. Know what type of soil your plant needs.
Humidity – Creating a humid microclimate may be necessary for tropicals that thrive in rainforests. Group plants together and use pebble trays to increase humidity.
Getting an exotic tropical suited for your climate is key to success. I like to consult with knowledgeable nursery staff to find suitable options.
Providing the Right Growing Conditions
Once I select a suitable tropical plant, the next step is providing proper growing conditions. Here are some important factors I focus on:
Perfect Potting Mix
- The potting soil should match the plant’s preferences. Orchids need airy mixes, while others need moisture-retaining soil. The right potting media helps the roots thrive.
- During the summer, most tropicals flourish with temperatures between 70-80°F. Move potted plants to a sheltered area or indoors if temperatures drop too low.
- Situate plants in the brightest location possible. Most tropicals need at least 4-6 hours of direct sun daily. Turn the plants periodically so all sides get light.
- Tropicals require frequent watering, but take care not to overwater. The soil should dry out slightly between waterings. Adjust watering based on factors like light, temperature, and humidity.
- Use a balanced fertilizer to provide key nutrients. Fertilize at half strength every 2-4 weeks during the active growing season. Reduce feeding in winter.
With the right growing conditions in place, obscure tropicals can thrive in backyard settings. I monitor plants closely and adjust care as needed.
Troubleshooting Common Problems
Caring for rare tropical plants has its challenges. Here are some common issues I watch for:
Drooping leaves – This often signals under or overwatering. I adjust my watering schedule accordingly.
Leaf spots/discoloration – A fungal or bacterial disease may be the culprit. I isolate affected plants and use horticultural oils or fungicides.
Failure to bloom – Lack of sunlight, or overfertilizing can prevent blooms. I tweak conditions to encourage flowering.
Insect pests – Mealybugs, aphids and scales can attack. Using neem oil or insecticidal soap helps control outbreaks.
Cold damage – Temperatures below 50°F can damage tropicals. At the first sign of cold injury, I move plants to a warmer area.
With attentive care and quick troubleshooting, I can keep my unusual tropical plants looking their best. A bit of extra effort goes a long way.
Enjoying the Unusual Foliage
One of my favorite things about growing rare tropical plants is their unique and exotic foliage. Here are a few I love:
The variegated rubber plant has showy leaves splashed in cream, white and pink. It thrives in bright, indirect light.
Rex begonias are treasured for their colorful, intricately patterned leaves. Humidity and well-drained soil are musts.
Crotons add vibrant color with leaves in every shade – metallic gold, orange, red and purple. They need maximum sunlight.
Calathea varieties like the peacock plant have gorgeously striped and patterned foliage. They prefer high humidity and sheltered locations.
With the right care, these exotic tropical plants reward me with their amazing foliage. It’s always fun to see these rare beauties flourishing in my backyard.
Caring for an unusual tropical plant takes dedication, but it allows me to enjoy these rare botanicals up close. With proper selection, growing conditions and troubleshooting, my obscure tropical thrives, adding a distinctive look to my backyard. Do your research, provide attentive care, and you too can have a thriving exotic tropical specimen in your outdoor space.