How to Actually Benefit the Environment By Reducing Your Consumption

How to Actually Benefit the Environment By Reducing Your Consumption

How to Actually Benefit the Environment By Reducing Your Consumption

Understand Your Impact

The average person’s day-to-day consumption habits have a significant impact on the environment. Reducing consumption is one of the most effective ways for an individual to lower their environmental footprint. However, it’s important to understand exactly where our consumption impacts come from.

The main areas where our consumption harms the environment are:

  • Energy use – Heating/cooling homes, powering devices, driving vehicles all require energy, most of which comes from fossil fuels. This emits greenhouse gases.
  • Water use – Our daily water usage for drinking, cooking, bathing, etc. requires vast amounts of freshwater that must be sourced, treated, and transported.
  • Material goods – Producing consumer goods like clothes, electronics, furniture requires resource extraction, factories, and transport – all environmentally taxing.
  • Food – Modern industrial agriculture uses tons of water, emits greenhouse gases, and harms biodiversity. Certain foods are worse than others.
  • Waste – About a third of all food, plastics, paper, electronics, and more end up in landfills, polluting air and water.

Before reducing your consumption, take an honest look at your personal habits in each area and identify opportunities to lower your impact. Track your energy bills, audit your trash, and calculate your carbon footprint online.

Consume Less Energy

Reducing home energy use is one of the easiest and most effective ways to lower your environmental impact.

Simple ways to reduce energy consumption include:

  • Switch to LED lightbulbs – they use 75% less energy than incandescents.
  • Unplug devices and electronics when not in use to avoid phantom load.
  • Adjust your thermostat – lower in winter, higher in summer. Wear layers/lighter clothes.
  • Seal air leaks in windows, doors, ducts, etc. to maximize HVAC efficiency.
  • Wash clothes in cold water, hang dry when possible.
  • Take shorter showers to reduce hot water usage.

You can also switch to renewable energy through your utility or install solar panels. Driving less and taking public transportation also cuts transportation emissions significantly.

Cut Water Waste

It takes a massive amount of water and energy to provide clean, potable water in developed countries. Reducing water waste is crucial.

Tips for lowering your water footprint:

  • Fix any leaky faucets and toilets. A small leak can waste hundreds of gallons per week.
  • Install low-flow showerheads and faucet aerators. Reduce flow without sacrificing water pressure.
  • Only run full loads in the dishwasher and washing machine.
  • Turn off the faucet when brushing teeth or shaving. Saves up to 200 gallons per month.
  • Reduce outdoor watering. Plant native species. Water at night to minimize evaporation.
  • Eat less water-intensive foods. Beef has a 50 times higher water footprint than vegetables or grains.

Buy Less Stuff

Rethinking everyday purchases to buy only what we truly need is an impactful way to reduce consumption. Prioritize quality goods that will last over cheap disposable items.

Additional tips:

  • Borrow, rent, or see if you can find a used version before buying new goods. Libraries are great for books/movies.
  • Repair and properly maintain items to maximize lifespan – especially appliances and electronics.
  • Refuse single-use plastics, excess packaging, bags, straws. Carry reusable versions instead.
  • Make things yourself rather than buying new – clothing, furniture, crafts, food, etc.
  • Find multipurpose items that replace the need for several specialized tools.

Eat Sustainably

Food production has a massive environmental impact. Eating less meat and dairy is one of the most effective consumption changes you can make.

Other sustainable food tips:

  • Eat less overall – cut food waste and overconsumption. Compost scraps.
  • Eat seasonally and locally to reduce transportation emissions.
  • Support small, organic farms over large industrial producers when possible.
  • Cut out palm oil found in many processed foods – it causes deforestation.
  • Bring reusable containers to restaurants and grocery stores to avoid single-use packaging.

Reduce Waste

Consumption creates copious waste, polluting ecosystems and sacrificing finite resources. Refusing and reducing waste in all areas of life is key.

  • Audit your trash to identify problem areas, set goals to reduce.
  • Pass on junk mail, ads, single-use plastics, packaging.
  • Donate or sell any usable unwanted items.
  • Compost food scraps rather than sending them to landfills.
  • Choose reusable versions – shopping bags, water bottles, coffee mugs, etc.
  • Buy in bulk to avoid excess packaging waste.
  • Repair/maintain items instead of tossing out broken goods.
  • Print less paper – go paperless with bills, files, etc.


Reducing individual consumption and waste has real power to benefit the environment. With some mindset shifts and habit changes, we can lower our footprints and inspire others to follow. Start with the highest impact areas first, then work towards more sustainable habits across all facets of life. The planet will thank you.