A sustainable building is one that has a minimal negative effect on the environment. Sustainable buildings focus on reducing the energy consumption, pollution, and air quality, as well as the quality of the space for the occupants. This includes reducing the use of water during construction.
Buildings can be sustainable by using innovative sustainability strategies. Architects consult mechanical and electrical engineers to determine the best methods to save resources. The use of renewable energy systems is one example.
Green building materials can be purchased from environmentally responsible manufacturers. These include insulation, such as polyurethane spray foam, and cotton. Other sustainable insulation materials include sheeps wool and cellulose.
Energy-efficient lighting solutions are another way to reduce the energy consumption of buildings. Using motion-sensitive light bulbs can help improve energy efficiency. Installing skylights can also provide natural light during the day.
Vertical gardens are an effective way to increase the positive impact a building has on the environment. They increase the amount of oxygen in the building and absorb carbon dioxide.
Landscaping is not new to commercial real estate. However, this is an area of growing innovation. Many cities have imposed density bonuses on buildings with green roofs.
One of the biggest challenges with building sustainability is the retention of heat. Cool roofs can help reflect heat and decrease cooling costs. Thick walls can also absorb heat from the sun. Orienting a building in windy areas can also help capture breezes.
Upcycling is a popular method of saving materials and reducing the carbon footprint. By reusing and repurposing waste, such as scrap metal and old wood, you can reduce your carbon footprint while improving the longevity of your building.