Bokashi Composting: A Step-By-Step Guide For Beginners

Bokashi Composting: A Step-By-Step Guide For Beginners

Bokashi composting is an easy and effective way to reduce waste, while creating rich soil for your garden. It’s a great choice for people who want to help the environment but don’t have much time or space in their backyard. As someone with years of experience using bokashi composting, I know it can be daunting for beginners. That’s why I’m here to provide you with a step-by-step guide on how to get started!

This guide will take you from being completely new to bokashi composting all the way through the process of setting up and maintaining your system. You’ll learn what materials are needed and where to buy them, as well as tips on troubleshooting any issues that might arise along the way. Plus, there’s even advice about when and how often you should use your finished compost – so that you can start making use of its amazing benefits right away!

By following this guide, not only will you feel empowered by mastering a new skill – you’ll also join a community of like-minded individuals dedicated to reducing waste and helping create a more sustainable world. So let’s get started!


Have you ever wondered what bokashi composting is? Bokashi composting is a method of breaking down food scraps into nutrient-rich soil. It’s an easy, low-cost way to reduce your environmental impact and help build healthy soils. As a bokashi composting expert, I’m here to guide you through the process step by step.

The first step in bokashi composting is preparing the materials needed for the job. You’ll need an airtight container with drainage holes, some sort of cover material such as newspaper or cardboard, a special blend of bran inoculated with effective microorganisms (EMs), and kitchen waste that can be broken down quickly. All these items are readily available online or at garden centers and health food stores.

Once everything is ready, it’s time to start the actual composting process! Start by layering your chosen cover material on the bottom of the bin. Then add your kitchen waste followed by a thin layer of EM bran mix before sealing off the top with another layer of cover material. The next step is to keep adding layers until you have filled up your bin completely – then all that’s left to do is wait for nature to take its course! With proper maintenance, you should have plenty of nutrient-rich soil in no time at all.

Benefits Of Bokashi Composting

Bokashi composting is an excellent way to reduce your waste and contribute to a healthier environment. It’s easy, affordable and doesn’t require much time or space. Plus, it has several additional benefits that make it even more appealing. The first benefit of bokashi composting is that you can use almost any organic material as food for the microorganisms in your bin. This includes fruits, vegetables, egg shells, coffee grounds and grains – all of which can be added directly into your bin without needing to be chopped up or shredded beforehand. As a result, this type of composting is much quicker than other methods such as traditional outdoor piles or wormeries.

Another great advantage of bokashi composting is that you don’t need to turn the pile like you do with conventional methods. All you have to do is add new materials on top of the existing mixture every couple of days and wait for the magic to happen! This means no back-breaking work or trips to buy expensive tools – just mix, sit back and relax while nature does its thing.

Finally, what really sets bokashi apart from other forms of composting is the end product: nutrient-rich soil conditioner rich in beneficial microbes that can be used straight away on plants and gardens. With regular applications you’ll see amazing results in terms of plant health and growth rate – all thanks to something so simple yet effective!

Necessary Supplies

Let’s get started! To begin your bokashi composting journey, you’ll need a few supplies. Here is an example of what you might use:

  • Compost Bin:

  • Plastic bins or containers with lids work great for making small batches of compost. Make sure to choose one with drainage holes so excess liquid can escape.

  • Alternatively, wooden barrels are also suitable if you’re looking for something more aesthetically pleasing.

  • Bedding Material:

  • You’ll need some sort of material to line the bottom of your bin and add additional layers as needed. Choices include shredded cardboard, sawdust, straw, wood chips, leaves and grass clippings.

  • Activator Mix:

  • This mix typically contains wheat bran, molasses and/or other ingredients that help break down the organic matter in the bin faster. It’s important to note that not all activator mixes are created equal; look for ones specifically made for bokashi composting rather than traditional composting methods.

Once you have these three items gathered up, it’s time to get started on creating your own bokashi compost pile! All you need to do is layer the bedding material into the container before adding food scraps (such as fruits and vegetables) along with your activator mix. As you continue to fill the bin over time, make sure that each new layer is well aerated by mixing it around after application. Finally, when the bin is full be sure to close it tightly and let sit for about two weeks so that decomposition can occur properly without any unwanted odors or pests entering the mix.

Collecting Food Waste

Collecting food waste for bokashi composting is an important part of the process. You’ll need to have a container ready, so that you can start collecting your scraps right away. A wide-mouthed bin with a lid works best, as it will stop odors from getting out and pests from getting in. It’s also helpful if you can keep this container close to where you do most of your cooking and eating – that way, you won’t forget to deposit your scraps!

When throwing food into the bin, be sure to add some Bokashi bran or sawdust on top after each addition – this will help keep smells at bay, and speed up the fermentation process. Don’t worry too much about chopping up large pieces before adding them – they should break down quickly once the fermentation has started. You don’t want to overfill your bin either; try to make sure there is room between layers of food waste so air can circulate properly.

Once everything is sealed up tight and tucked away in its spot, all that’s left to do is wait patiently while nature does its work! Depending on how much waste you collect and how often you empty it, this could take anywhere from two weeks to one month. Soon enough though, those delicious morsels of Kitchen Gold will be ready for use in your garden beds!

Preparing The Compost Bin

Preparing the compost bin for bokashi composting is an essential part of ensuring a successful process. To begin, choose a container that will be used as your compost bin; this can be any type of lidded bin or even a garbage pail with holes drilled in it. It’s important to ensure that your chosen container is big enough and has sufficient drainage holes at the bottom.

Once you’ve selected the right size container, make sure to clean it out thoroughly before use. This helps keep everything hygienic and ensures there are no contaminants from previous users. Adding some straw or newspaper on the bottom can help promote air circulation and prevent excess moisture build-up which could lead to mold development.

Once everything is set up, you’re ready to start adding food scraps into your compost bin! Be sure to layer each addition of food waste with bran so that it breaks down properly over time. As you add more layers, don’t forget to press them down firmly so they stay in place until fully broken down by microorganisms. With all these steps followed correctly, you’ll have healthy bokashi compost ready in just a few weeks!

Sprinkling The Bokashi Activator

Sprinkling your Bokashi activator is an important step to ensure that the microorganisms are able to begin breaking down organic material in your bokashi compost. Here’s a quick guide for sprinkling the activator:

Step Description
1 Measure out 3 tablespoons of your chosen bokashi activator. This can be either EM1 or bran-based. Both will provide beneficial microbes and enzymes, but EM1 has been shown to have more powerful results.
2 Sprinkle the measured amount evenly over the surface layer of food scraps in each bucket as you fill it with layers of food waste and sawdust. Do not mix them together; simply sprinkle on top. The ratio should be approximately one tablespoon per two gallons (7.6 liters) of food waste added.
3 After filling all five buckets, add another light sprinkle of activator across the entire surface area of waste at the end before sealing each lid tightly shut with clips or ties. This extra dose of activator is like giving a boost to get the fermentation process started quickly!

This method ensures that every bit of food scrap gets its fair share of microorganisms without overloading any particular spot within each bucket – which could lead to anaerobic pockets inside where putrefaction occurs instead of aerobic decomposition that we want for our bokashi composting system! Make sure you use fresh, activated bokashi throughout this entire process so that you reap maximum benefit from your efforts!

Adding Food Waste To The Compost Bin

Adding food waste to the bokashi compost bin is a simple and effective way to create nutrient-rich soil for your yard or garden. Bokashi composting works by fermenting organic material into a mixture of beneficial microbes that breaks down food more quickly than traditional methods. When adding food scraps, it’s important to remember to layer them with Bokashi activator bran. This will kickstart the fermentation process and ensure an optimal environment for microbial growth.

When filling the bucket, mix in some of the bran every few inches before layering on additional scraps. The ratio should be approximately 1 cup of bran per 2 gallons of food waste, but this can vary depending on what type of material you’re using. For example, if you have wetter materials like fruits and vegetables, add slightly less bran so that there isn’t too much moisture in the bin. You’ll also want to keep things aerated by mixing everything together occasionally as you go along.

Once your bokashi compost bin is full, cover it with a tight-fitting lid and let it sit for two weeks. During this time, all those beneficial microbes will continue working their magic and breaking down the food scraps into rich fertilizer for your plants!

Maintaining Moisture Levels In The Bin

Now that you’ve added food waste to the compost bin, it’s time to maintain the moisture levels. Bokashi composting requires a moist environment for optimal decomposition – too dry and nothing will happen! Too wet and anaerobic bacteria can take over. Here’s how to get it just right:

First, make sure your bokashi bran is damp before adding it to each layer of food scraps. This helps keep moisture in as the microbes do their work. As you add more layers of material, keep spraying with water until everything is lightly damp. You want the consistency of a wrung-out sponge – not dripping wet but certainly not bone dry either. If you’re having trouble getting the balance right, try using a soil tester kit (available at gardening stores) or even downloading a free app on your smartphone.

Keep an eye out for any changes in odor coming from the compost bin; if it starts smelling like ammonia then there’s likely too much moisture inside. To fix this issue quickly, spread some newspaper mulch or sawdust over top to absorb excess liquid and reduce odors. It may also help to open up air vents on your bin so oxygen can circulate better – improving aeration and allowing aerobic bacteria to thrive again instead of being crowded out by anaerobes.

The key here is monitoring and adjusting as needed based on what’s happening inside your bin – don’t be afraid to experiment until you find the perfect balance between moist and dry conditions! With these tips in mind, soon enough you’ll have delicious nutrient-rich humus ready for use in your garden beds – happy composting!

Fermentation Process

Bokashi composting is a great way to reduce your carbon footprint and make an impact on the environment. It’s easy, efficient, and accessible for everyone. The fermentation process is the key step in bokashi composting that transforms organic waste into nutrient-rich soil amendment.

The fermentation process begins when microorganisms are added to the organic material. These microbes help break down proteins, carbohydrates, and fats which then turn into lactic acid as they ferment. This creates an acidic environment that helps preserve the food scraps while it breaks them down further into humus or what we call “compost tea.” The compost tea then provides essential nutrients such as nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium and micronutrients to plants once applied to soils.

Once you have prepared your mixture of organic materials with the microbial inoculant added in, you will need to give it some time (about two weeks) so that these organisms can do their work properly. During this period be sure not to disturb the mix too much; just lightly aerate every few days if needed. After about two weeks, you should start noticing changes in texture and smell – indicating that your bokashi compost is ready!

Transferring To A Garden Composter

Once your bokashi composting bin is full, it’s time to transfer the material into a garden composter. Garden composters are designed for larger batches of organic waste and will take longer to decompose than a bokashi bin. It’s important that you choose a composter which is big enough for all the material. Once you’ve chosen your composter, simply empty the contents of your bokashi bin into it, mix them together and cover with some soil or mulch. This helps prevent odours from forming as well as keeping pests away from your compost pile.

You should turn your compost regularly – every few days if possible – during the hot summer months and once per week at other times. Turning the compost helps aerate it and aids in its breakdown process. You’ll know when the compost is ready by its appearance – dark brown in colour and crumbly texture – as well as an earthy smell. At this point, you can spread the finished product over your garden beds or use it to pot up plants in containers; either way you’re sure to get great results!

When using manure-based composts such as those created through bokashi composting, be mindful that there may still be pathogenic bacteria present so do not use these on vegetable crops until they have been fully broken down by the natural processes of decomposition (usually 2–3 weeks). Otherwise, enjoy making use of this wonderful resource; recycling food scraps has never been easier!

Finished Compost

Once you have finished the bokashi composting process, you’ll be left with a nutrient-rich organic material that is full of beneficial microorganisms. This material will look and smell like soil and can be used in any soil mixture for your garden.

The finished product from bokashi composting has many benefits to offer, including improved moisture retention, increased aeration, and enhanced microbial activity. It also helps reduce diseases in plants by reducing their susceptibility to fungal infections. In addition, it increases fertility by providing nutrients directly to plants through its high levels of nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium, and other trace elements.

In short, bokashi composting is an efficient way to improve plant health while recycling organic waste into a valuable resource. Not only does it help protect our environment but it also provides us with a great source of nutrition for our gardens!


When it comes to composting, one of the most common issues is dealing with odors. According to a survey from Home Composting Made Easy, around 70% of those who have attempted Bokashi composting had trouble with smells! Fortunately, there are several steps you can take to eliminate any unpleasant odors in your bokashi bin.

First and foremost, make sure that all food scraps are properly sealed inside an air-tight container before adding them into the bokashi bin. This will help reduce or even completely eliminate bad smells as they’ll be contained within the bucket. Additionally, be sure to sprinkle some bran over each layer of food waste so that liquid isn’t able to accumulate at the bottom and cause odor problems. Lastly, keep used bokashi mix away from direct sunlight; this will prevent any unwanted fermentation processes which may lead to smell issues down the line.

The key takeaway here is that proper maintenance is essential for successful bokashi composting. By following these simple tips and tricks, you should find yourself well on your way towards a stink-free compost experience!

Alternatives To Bokashi Composting

If you’re looking for alternatives to bokashi composting, there are plenty of options out there. For example, traditional composting is an effective way to convert organic materials into nutrient-rich soil. It’s a great choice if you have access to large amounts of land and want a long-term solution that requires minimal maintenance or monitoring. You can also try vermicomposting, which uses worms to break down food waste and create rich humus material. This method has the added benefit of producing liquid fertilizer that can be used in your garden. Lastly, anaerobic digestion is another option worth exploring – it relies on bacteria breaking down organic matter without oxygen and produces gas byproducts such as methane and carbon dioxide.

No matter what alternative you choose, remember that sustainability and environmental responsibility should always come first! Make sure whatever method you use is safe for both people and the planet so we can all do our part for future generations. So get creative with your composting solutions and think outside the box – there’s no wrong answer when it comes to reducing your impact on the environment!

Disposing Of Used Activator

Did you know that bokashi composting can reduce kitchen waste by up to 50%? That’s right – a single bucket of bokashi activator is enough to help dispose of tons of food scraps in the right way.

Now, let’s get into the nitty-gritty details on disposing used activator after it has served its purpose. Here are some steps you need to take:

First, make sure all your food scraps have been properly broken down using the bokashi method. This means they should be thoroughly mixed with the bran and juice solution before being buried underground or put in an outdoor bin – depending on which method you chose for disposal.

Next, scoop out any remaining activator from the bucket and discard it in a separate container. Once that’s done, give the bucket a thorough rinse with some water and detergent to get rid of any residual material left behind. You may also want to use a brush or cloth to scrub away stubborn bits stuck at the bottom or sides of the container.

Finally, remember not to pour your used activator directly into your garden soil as this could lead to contamination – instead, mix it with other organic matter like leaves and twigs before burying it deep in your garden bed. Doing so will ensure that no harmful bacteria gets released into nature!


Bokashi composting is an amazing way to reduce the food waste that goes into our landfills, and it’s a great choice for anyone looking to get started on their green journey. After reading this step-by-step guide, I’m sure you’re now equipped with all the knowledge needed to start your own bokashi composting project. Don’t be intimidated by the process – with just a few simple supplies and some dedicated effort you’ll have nutrient rich soil ready in no time!

I can personally attest that when done correctly, bokashi composting produces incredible results faster than any other method of composting out there. In fact, if you really commit yourself, you’ll feel like a master gardener after only a few weeks! The best part? You don’t need to spend hours tending to your bin or worry about overwhelming odors; with bokashi composting it’s as easy as “set it and forget it”. So what are you waiting for? Get out there and give Bokashi Composting a try – you won’t regret it!