Green buildings are structures that are built to be more environmentally friendly. This can mean using materials with low levels of emissions or reducing the amount of waste produced.
Green buildings reduce energy and pollution, as well as offer superior air quality. They also offer access to natural light and panoramic views.
Green architecture reduces the strain on shared water resources. It also uses prefabricated products, which help save on material and construction costs.
In addition, green building components may benefit people who occupy the building. These include low-flow water fixtures and ultra-low flush toilets.
These features can save a significant amount of water. For example, a building can use 50 to 80 percent of the water it would use in a conventional structure. Alternatively, graywater can be used for landscaping.
Low-E windows and super-efficient LED panels can minimize solar heat gain and keep a building cooler. Additionally, operable windows enable natural ventilation in temperate weather.
These features reduce the need for energy-consuming HVAC systems. In addition, these systems can provide superior indoor air quality. The use of non-toxic materials, such as bamboo or recycled metal, is another way to reduce pollution and carbon footprints.
In addition, green infrastructure allows runoff to soak into the ground, replenishing aquifers. This is an important aspect of sustainable development.
Lastly, green building construction recycles construction waste. Recycled content can be used to replace concrete, slag, and other commonly used materials.
In short, green building features can be designed around three main elements: energy efficiency, alternative water sources, and recycled materials. They can also be combined to produce an environment-friendly building.